Chess Edinburgh lewischessmen2-75h 

Chandler Cornered

Swap Shop and The Lost Olympiad

I had two chess egg cups so I visited and swapped one
for a chess hot water bottle, this was in turn swapped for a chess
clothes peg, this was duly swapped for a chess apron (board round the wrong way).
Swapped this for a chess key ring and this was exchanged for braille chess set.
I kept the chess set but the Scottish International player Steve Hilton wanted
it so I swapped it for...

This Olympiad was not really lost.
How can you lose an event?

It was neglected by the world's chess press
due to what they considered more important matters.
Namely the return Alekhine - Euwe match.

The Olympiad ran from August to September and the
early games were reprinted. The World Championship
started in October so, as today, the press smothered
readers with over-reporting and no more games from
the Olympiad appeared.

Gathering the material for the book turned into a
quest for William Harold Cozens.
He spent 20 years searching for the games.

He could not get all the games and finally went to press
with 200 out of a possible 683 games.

DATABASE can do slightly better. If you do a search for the
Stockholm Olympiad you get 683 games but 358 do not have
any moves at all. Just the bland result.

However the end product is one of the best chess books ever written.
A thoroughly entertaining read, instructive and enlightening.

Cozens has a nice clear style and he knows how to annotate a game.
Look at this;

G.Petursson - Groot, Stockholm Olympiad 1937.

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.f3 0-0 6.Bd3 e5 7.d5 Nbd7 8.Nge2 Nh5

With the centre nicely established, Black proceeds with the
thematic King's Indian scheme of preparing to advance his f-pawn,
thus achieving either an opened g-file or a cramping pawn on f4.
Against a white castled king this is often very effective,
but in the present case, WHite still has the option of castling long.

9.Be3 f5 10.exf5 gxf5 11.Qc2 Nc5

Getting rid of one of the White Bishops.

12.Bxc5 dxc5 13.0-0-0 ....

'Now' thinks Petursson, 'I am safely castled away from his f-file.
Of course he wins the g-pawn, but surely he wouldn't be so foolish.
It must be poisoned.'

13...Qg5+ 14.Kb1 Qxg2

de Groot, having already opened the g-file at his own end,
now opens it completely. His King stands at one end of it and
White has two Rooks and the Queen immediately available to occupy it.

Can this capture be sound? de Groot's attitude seems to be
"I can't see a mate: Let him show it to me."

15.Rhg1 Qxf3 16.Ng3 Nxg3 17.Rxg3 Qh5 18.Rdg1 Rf7 19.Qg2 ....

This is what Black had deliberately invited - a massive line up on the
g-file against the King. It now appears that Black has for the moment,
just enough defence, and that it is not easy for White to bring in the
Knight or the Bishop to deliver a knock-out.

19...Qh6 20.Rh3 Qf6 21.Qe2? ....

Offering the Bishop as well as the two pawns is playing with fire.
It will now have to be mate or nothing.

21...e4 22.Qh5 exd3 23.Qxh7+ Kf8 24.Rhg3 Qh6

Forcing off the Queens after which White's chances of a mate look decidedly thin.

25.Qxh6 Bxh6 26.Rg8+ Ke7 27.Re1+ Kf6 28.d6 ....

Threatening 29. Nd5 mate and so making the d-pawn dangerous,
but also giving Black the square e6 for his Bishop.

28...Rf8! 29.Nd5+ Kf7 30.Rgg1 Be6 31.Nxc7 Rae8 32.b3 Bf4 33.Nxe8 Rxe8 ....

The defence has triumphed. White has trimmed down his tremendous deficit
of a piece and two pawns, but Black still holds two Bishops and a Rook.
Moreover, the White d-pawn is doomed and his h-pawn is no match for the
Black f and d pawns. The two Bishops are not merely strong - they are lethal.

34.h4 Bxd6 35.h5 Rh8 36.Rh1 f4 37.h6 Bf5 38.Reg1 d2+ 39.Kb2 Be5+ 40.Ka3 Bc2
White resigned.

No endless streams of fruitless and turgid analysis.
Just simple clear words. Here is the full game.

[Click here to replay the game]
G.Petursson - Groot

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.f3 0-0 6.Bd3 e5 7.d5 Nbd7 8.Nge2 Nh5 9.Be3 f5 10.exf5 gxf5 11.Qc2 Nc5 12.Bxc5 dxc5 13.0-0-0 Qg5+ 14.Kb1 Qxg2 15.Rhg1 Qxf3 16.Ng3 Nxg3 17.Rxg3 Qh5 18.Rdg1 Rf7 19.Qg2 Qh6 20.Rh3 Qf6 21.Qe2 e4 22.Qh5 exd3 23.Qxh7+ Kf8 24.Rhg3 Qh6 25.Qxh6 Bxh6 26.Rg8+ Ke7 27.Re1+ Kf6 28.d6 Rf8 29.Nd5+ Kf7 30.Rgg1 Be6 31.Nxc7 Rae8 32.b3 Bf4 33.Nxe8 Rxe8 34.h4 Bxd6 35.h5 Rh8 36.Rh1 f4 37.h6 Bf5 38.Reg1 d2+ 39.Kb2 Be5+ 40.Ka3 Bc2

USA won it with 54 pts. Scotland, without British Champion
W.Fairhurst and fielding a team of Olympiad virgins came
19th. (last) with 14 pts.

Afraid we cannot leave it there. Have to go over this one.
It was very nearly a case of embarrassing duplication.

K.Ozols - P.Reid Stockholm Olympiad 1937.

1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.g3 Bc5 4.Bg2 d6 5.e3 Nc6 6.Nge2 Be6?

White can win a piece here with 7.d4 exd4 8.cxd4 and d5 forking c6 and e6.
White played 7.Nd5? Nb4? 8.Nxb4 1-0 (8...Bxb4 Qa4+).
This was the shortest game of the Olympiad.

G.Soutar v G.Chandler, Musselburgh v Edinburgh C.C. 1988 reached
the same position after 6 moves as K.Ozols - P.Reid.
I sat there sweating waiting for 7 d4. It never came.
White castled and the game was drawn.

Peter Reid was not a player easily intimidated.
In the USA v Scotland match he found himself facing
the great Frank Marshall.
In the game he offers Marshall a Rook for a mate in 12!
Here is the game, the mate is in the notes.

[Click here to replay the game]
P.Reid - F.Marshall

1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.Nc3 d4 4.Nce2 Nc6 5.d3 Bd6 6.fxe5 Nxe5 7.Nxd4 Bb4+ 8.c3 Qxd4 9.cxb4 Bg4 10.Nf3 Qxb4+ 11.Bd2 Qxb2 12.Be2 Bxf3 13.gxf3 0-0-0 14.Bf4 Nxd3+ 15.Bxd3 Rxd3 16.Qxd3 Qxa1+ 17.Kf2 Qb2+ [17...Qxh1 18.Qc4 c6 19.Qxf7 Kd8 20.Bc7+ Kc8 21.Bd6 Kd8 22.Qc7+ Ke8 23.Qc8+ Kf7 24.Qd7+ Ne7 25.Qxe7+ Kg6 26.Qe6+ Kh5 27.Qg4+ Kh6 28.Bf4+ g5 29.Qxg5] 18.Kg3 Nf6 19.Rb1 Nh5+ 20.Kg4 Nxf4 21.Kxf4 Qxh2+

What a great pity that one never came off.

So that was a good swap. The Lost Olympiad I can fully recommend.

Last C.C. we talked about C.H.O'D Alexander but never
gave a game. And a few C.C's before that we saw
a game by Oliver Penrose from Lasswade. So...

O.Penrose - C.H.O'D. Alexander, British Championship 1950.
This is an imaginative and interesting game.
White makes a small mistake 17.Bc2 which allows Black
to trick a Knight onto f4.
Then in this position (Black to play) my first reaction was to
give up he Queen for a Bishop and Rook.

Alexander goes for the same idea but with the added finesse 20...Nxh3+
Then he gives up the Queen for Rook and Bishop.

We are then treated to a Rook, Bishop and Knight delicately dancing
around the White King. Here is the full game.

[Click here to replay the game]
O.Penrose - C.H.O'D. Alexander

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 0-0 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7 12.Nbd2 cxd4 13.cxd4 Bb7 14.d5 Rac8 15.Bd3 Nd7 16.g4 Nc5 17.Bc2 Ne6 18.Bb1 Nf4 19.Nb3 Nxb3 20.Qxb3 Nxh3+ 21.Kg2 Qxc1 22.Rxc1 Nf4+ 23.Kh2 Rxc1 24.Qe3 Rfc8 25.Nd2 h5 26.Nb3 Rf1 27.gxh5 Bh4 28.Bd3 Bxf2 29.Qd2 Bg1+ 30.Kg3 Rf2 31.Qd1 Rg2+ 32.Kf3 Rf2+ 33.Kg3 Rg2+ 34.Kf3 Bh2 35.Bf1 Rxb2 36.Rc1 Rxa2 37.Rxc8+ Bxc8 38.Qb1 Ra3 39.Qb2 b4 40.Bc4 Bg1

White can do nothing to stop Black from simply playing
a5+a4 winning very easily. A good game.

Where Are They Now No.163 Andrew Birtwhistle.
Andrew was an active Edinburgh based player in the 80's.
He now lives in Sheffield designing and hiring out clothes brushes.
Recently he established contact wishing well to all his old friends
and sent in the following attractive game played in a recent Allegro.

A.Birtwhistle - N.N, Sheffield Allegro 2007.
(I do wish players would give the names of their opponents-
however in this case, an Allegro game, few players keep
a scoresheet, Andrew is forgiven).

Note how White takes time out with 10.h3 preventing Black from
developing his Queen's Bishop. Black develops a Knight, White
attacks it and the brief flurry of attacks masks a mating trick.

[Click here to replay the game]
A.Birtwhistle - N.N

1.e4 d6 2.d4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Nf3 e5 5.dxe5 dxe5 6.Qxd8+ Kxd8 7.Bc4 f6 8.Be3 c6 9.0-0-0+ Kc7 10.h3 Ne7 11.Bc5 Re8 12.Bf7 Rf8 13.Bxe7 Rxf7 14.Bd8

A good game that.

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